Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word which is composed of two words, ‘ayur’ meaning life and ‘veda’ meaning knowledge. Knowledge arranged systematically with logic becomes a science. During the due course, Ayurveda became the ancient medical science in India and is accepted as the oldest scientific medical system. It has its root in Vedic literature and encompasses our entire life, body and soul.
Ayurveda believes that no two individuals are alike and thus recommends different treatment for each based on the need. It also emphasizes rejuvenation of our body and increases the lifespan. The purpose of increasing the lifespan is so that we get more time to do more of good deeds and share the wisdom that comes with age and leave the world a better place than what we inherited.
Ayurveda helps in promoting harmony between the nature and the individual by helping an individual to lead a life which balances with the laws of nature. It explains that three universal fundamental energies, called ‘tridosha’ regulate the natural process on microcosmic and macrocosmic levels and that the effect of these energies in the various star systems and galaxies will have an impact on human physiology.
Ayurveda is a traditional Indian medical and life system which is believed to over 5000 years old. The rishis or sages conceived and developed Ayurveda over a period of several centuries by observations, discussions and meditations. It is said that the rishis used to meet, exchange notes so that one could build on the work of another. For a couple of thousand years, the body of knowledge was passed from teacher to disciple verbally.
And in somewhere around the period of 5th century BC, it was written down in the ancient language of India, Sanskrit. The Ayurveda manuals were based on Atharva Veda which is the oldest Indian text, supposedly written in the 1500 BC. The manuals were written by three sages- Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhatta.
The manuals contain detailed information about the various Ayurvedic practices. Over 5000 remedies have been written down by Charaka while Sushruta listed over 700 plant-based medicines. After the documentation of the manuals got over, Ayurveda flourished for hundreds of years after that, and its benefits were enjoyed by both, the rich and the poor. The other two great names in Ayurveda are Kasyapa, Bhela and Vagbhata. Very little is known about Kasyapa and Bhela but the works their names are associated with, Kasyapasamhita and Bhelasamhita are available in fragmentary parts. On the other hand, Vaghbhata’s Ashtangahridayam is a well-known and widely circulated text. It is said that he lived in or after the 5th century A.D.